Clinical urine tests are examinations of the physical and chemical properties of urine and its microscopic appearance to aid in medical diagnosis. Gross examination targets parameters that can be measured with the naked eye or other senses , including volume, color, transparency, odor, and specific gravity ; urine test strips measure chemical properties such as pH , glucose concentration, and protein levels; and light microscopy is performed to identify elements such as cells , urinary casts , crystals , and organisms. The odor scent of urine can normally vary from odorless when very light colored and dilute to a much stronger odor when the subject is dehydrated and the urine is concentrated. Brief changes in odor are usually merely interesting and not medically significant. Example: the abnormal smell many people can detect after eating asparagus. The urine of diabetics experiencing ketoacidosis urine containing high levels of ketone bodies may have a fruity or sweet smell.
Clinical urine tests
Everything You Should Know About a Urinalysis (Urine Test) | National Kidney Foundation
Last Updated: January 3, References. Sarah has over 10 years of experience teaching and practicing phlebotomy and intravenous IV therapy using physical, psychological, and emotional support. There are 16 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. This article has been viewed 64, times. A urine dipstick test is a type of fluid analysis used by medical professionals to screen for various diseases and health complications.
Automated Urine Analyzers
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A protein in urine test measures how much protein is in your urine. Proteins are substances that are essential for your body to function properly. Protein is normally found in the blood. If there is a problem with your kidneys, protein can leak into your urine. While a small amount is normal, a large amount of protein in urine may indicate kidney disease.